May 6, 2014
News From the Field
Supreme Court Rules 9-1-1 Call Reasonable Cause for Traffic Stop and Marijuana Seizure
On April 22, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that a California Highway Patrol officer’s search of a pickup truck, which was stopped by police after a 9-1-1 caller reported that the vehicle had run her off the road, was executed under reasonable circumstances. Upon executing a traffic stop, the officer smelled marijuana and discovered 30 pounds of marijuana in the car.
The vote was 5 to 4 and both the decision and the dissent focused on the concept of reasonable or unreasonable searches and seizures.
Read the formal opinions.
Read a summary of the case.
Project Southbound Leads to 757 Arrests
More than 600 gang members and associates from 145 different gangs were arrested in 179 cities across the United States during Project Southbound, a month-long operation executed by U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement’s (ICE) Homeland Security Investigations (HSI).
Through Project Southbound, which ran March 12 to April 13, HSI special agents worked with 150 federal, state, and local law enforcement partners to apprehend individuals from various gangs affiliated with the Sureños. More than 73 percent of those arrested during this HSI National Gang Unit-led operation were members or associates of the Sureños.
In addition to the 638 gang members and associates, HSI agents also arrested—or assisted in the arrest of—119 other individuals on federal and/or state criminal violations and administrative immigration violations, for a total of 757 arrests.
HSI special agents also seized 54 firearms, 13.36 pounds of methamphetamine, 82.76 pounds of marijuana, 3.075 pounds of cocaine, 1.44 pounds of heroin, more than $166,000 in U.S. currency and 10 vehicles during Project Southbound.
This enforcement operation is part of HSI’s Operation Community Shield a global initiative, in which HSI partners with existing federal, state, and local anti-gang efforts to identify violent street gangs and develop intelligence on gang members and associates, gang criminal activities, and international movements to arrest, prosecute, imprison and/or deport transnational gang members. Since the inception of Operation Community Shield in February 2005, HSI special agents working in conjunction with federal, state, and local law enforcement agencies across the nation have arrested more than 33,000 street gang members and associates linked to more than 2,600 different gangs..
Justice Department to Review Death Penalty
Following the recent botched execution in Oklahoma, President Obama directed the attorney general to review how the death penalty is applied in the United States at a time when it has become increasingly debated.
While reiterating his support for the death penalty in certain cases, Mr. Obama said Americans should “ask ourselves some difficult and profound questions” about its use. As a result, the Justice Department outlined a review focused on how executions are carried out (rather than assessing the entire system).
The federal government has effectively imposed its own moratorium on carrying out executions since 2010 while trying to figure out issues surrounding the drug cocktail commonly used for lethal injection. The Justice Department said Friday that it would build on that assessment.
Learn about the execution case referenced.
Planned School Shooting Thwarted by Alert 9-1-1 Caller and Police Action
John David LaDue intended to kill his mother, father, and sister and then create a diversion to keep first responders busy while he went to Waseca Junior/Senior High School. There, the 17-year-old planned to set off pressure-cooker bombs full of nails and metal ball bearings in the cafeteria. Students who weren’t maimed or killed would be gunned down in the halls, he told police.
After his arrest Tuesday, the high school junior said he intended to kill “as many students as he could,” before he was killed by the SWAT team, according to charging documents filed in Waseca County District Court.
Police Captain Kris Markeson said police believe the attack would have happened “within the next few weeks” if it hadn’t been for an alert 9-1-1 caller who grew suspicious after she saw a tall, white male wearing a backpack open a storage unit, go inside, and close the door.
Read the full story.
New Training Keys Now Available!
Training Keys Volume 41 Now Available! The following Keys are available for purchase individually ($3.00/each) or in volume format on CD ($14.00):
673. Supreme Court Update: 2009 and 2010
674. Supreme Court Update: 2011
675. Supreme Court Update: 2012
677. Sovereign Citizens
678. Autism: Managing Police Contacts
679. Autism: Interview and Interrogation
680. Responding to Individuals Affected by Mental Illness or in Crisis: Part I
681. Responding to Individuals Affected by Mental Illness or in Crisis: Part II
682. Miranda Invocations
683. Miranda Waivers
684. Active Shooter
For more information, please see www.theiacp.org/training-keys.
Order training keys or volumes here.
OVC Solicitation for Mid-Size Agencies to Enhance Victim Response
The Office for Victims of Crime (OVC) is now accepting applications from midsize (populations of 50,000 to 500,000) local law enforcement agencies under the OVC FY 2014 Service, Support & Justice: A Strategy To Enhance Law Enforcement Response To Victims Demonstration Project solicitation.
This is an opportunity for local, county, and tribal law enforcement agencies that serve communities with populations of 50,000 to 500,000 to support the implementation and evaluation of an enhanced law enforcement approach to assisting victims of crime. The overarching goal of OVC’s Service, Support & Justice Initiative is to evaluate the Enhancing Law Enforcement Response to Victims (ELERV) Strategy. The goal for each law enforcement agency participating in the demonstration project is to improve the agency’s response to victims of crime. A strong focus is placed on promoting procedural justice and fairness in reaching underserved and unserved populations as identified in the community. Those populations include, but are not limited to, immigrant victims, LGBTQ victims, sexual assault victims, victims of human trafficking, and many victims who often do not identify themselves as crime victims, such as young men and boys of color.
This competitive program will make as many as three awards of up to $100,000 each for a 15-month project period. The Service, Support & Justice Initiative is designed to span five years, with OVC potentially awarding three 15-month continuation grants to each recipient, contingent upon funding availability and grantee performance in the prior phases, including participation with the evaluation. Agencies that successfully compete for the first 15-month phase can potentially receive a total of $400,000 over the entire project.
The IACP will be providing intensive technical assistance to the three awarded demonstration sites, as part of its involvement, with OVC’s assistance, evaluating and implementing the Enhancing Law Enforcement Response to Victims Strategy to change the culture of law enforcement with respect to its response to victims.
Applications must be submitted by June 9, 2014, through Grants.gov.
For assistance, contact Meg Morrow, Attorney Advisor, by telephone at 202-353-0591, or by email at Meg.Morrow@usdoj.gov.
Read the full solicitation for eligibility and application requirements.
Body-Worn Cameras Model Policy
APA Study Finds Few Crimes Are Connected to Mental Illness
An American Psychological Association study of crimes committed by people with serious mental disorders found surprisingly few directly related to symptoms of mental illness.
Researchers analyzed 429 crimes committed by 143 offenders suffering from three types of mental illness—major depression, schizophrenia, and bipolar disorder—and found that only 7.5 percent of the crimes were directly related to symptoms of the illnesses.
Access the study.
Early Bird Deadline for DRE Training Conference Is May 8
The deadline for early bird registration for the DRE Section’s Training Conference on Impaired Driving is May 8. On May 9, the registration fee will be $245.
The 20th Annual Training Conference on Drugs, Alcohol and Impaired Driving, co-hosted by the Arizona Governor’s Office of Highway Safety will be in Phoenix, July 28-30, 2014. Join DUI enforcement officers and trainers, drug recognition experts, prosecutors, toxicologists, medical and school professionals, and highway safety advocates for this exceptional educational experience.
Visit http://www.theiacp.org/dreconference for more information or to register.
U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement Exhibit in Washington, D.C.
Law enforcement coming to Washington, D.C., for Police Week this year have a unique opportunity to learn about ICE. The National Museum of Crime and Punishment is hosting an exhibit titled Securing the Homeland-ICE, which shows how one of the largest federal law enforcement agencies in the United States conducts criminal investigations and enforces illegal immigration laws.
Among the artifacts in the display are a Kansas highway sign with the state’s flower, the sunflower, which holds great significance for ICE. That sign was the clue that sent ICE’s Homeland Security Investigations special agents on a race against time to save a young girl from being raped by a male who made his plan known on the Internet.
Another section of the display, dedicated to 9/11, educates the public on how this attack on the nation changed the face of the federal government’s response to transnational crime and how the Department of Homeland Security and ICE came into being.
The exhibit, unveiled March 4, is scheduled to run through December 2014.
Law Enforcement Personnel Appreciation Reception
The Marine Corps Heritage Foundation is teaming with the National Museum of the Marine Corps to host a Law Enforcement Personnel Appreciation Reception. The reception will be held at 5:00 p.m. on May 15 at the National Museum of the Marine Corps, in Triangle, Virginia.
See the invitation.
Final Countdown to 2014 LEIM Conference – Register Now!
Final preparations are being made for the 2014 LEIM Conference, which kicks off in two weeks in Atlanta, Georgia. The 38th Annual LEIM Conference will begin with an IT Summit on Monday, May 19, and opening plenary sessions beginning Tuesday morning, May 20. Lunch will be provided in the Exhibit Hall at noon, followed by afternoon workshops and a welcome reception starting at 5:00 p.m. Workshops continue all day Wednesday, May 21, and thru lunch on Thursday, May 22. An updated and more detailed conference agenda has just be posted and is available online here http://www.theiacp.org/LEIM-Conference.
Get your conference registration in today, and don’t forget to make hotel reservations at our host hotel, the Westin Peachtree Plaza Hotel. See you in Atlanta!
Pretrial Justice Reform Forum – May 22, Long Beach, California
Inside the IACP
Deadline for IACP/Thompson Reuters Award for Excellence in Criminal Investigations Is May 15
2014 Vehicle Theft Award Applications Due May 12
April’s COPS Podcast on Officer Suicide Features IACP’s John Firman
Excellence in Law Enforcement Research Award Now Accepting Applications
Apply today for the IACP/Arnold Foundation Excellence in Law Enforcement Research Award to recognize law enforcement agencies that demonstrate excellence in conducting and using research to improve police operations and public safety. Three awards are given annually. Winners will receive complimentary conference registration, transportation costs, and three nights lodging at the IACP’s Annual Conference. Deadline for submission is July 30, 2014.
Learn more or apply here.
Survivor Story – Timothy Strohmeyer (2013 Officer of the Year)
IACP Letter to House Homeland Security Committee
IACP submitted a joint letter to House Homeland Security Committee on the proposed National Preparedness Grant Program and the elimination of the mandatory 25 percent Law Enforcement Terrorism Prevention component.
Read the letter.
May 20, 2014
News From the Field
Texting Used as a Crisis Negotiation Tool
With 6 billion text messages exchanged daily in the United States alone, law enforcement officers are increasingly being called upon to defuse violent, unpredictable situations through the typed word. Experts say it’s happened enough in the last five years to warrant new, specialized training.
A police negotiator in Kalamazoo, Michigan, was doing all he could to keep a suspect from committing suicide after a gas station robbery and high-speed chase, but the man kept cutting phone calls short. About 10 minutes after the last hang up, the negotiator received a text from the suspect, which led to a conversation, and eventually a successful phone call.
Outside Buffalo, New York, in March, a suspect who’d shot at Erie County Sheriff’s deputies responding to a domestic call was carrying on text exchanges with several relatives when law enforcement negotiators got involved in the electronic conversations, eventually persuading him to surrender.
Tragedy Highlights Need for Pre-Trial Reform
On May 8, 2014, in Colorado, State Trooper Eugene Hofacker was shot twice while stopping to help a man with a broken-down vehicle on the interstate. The man who shot him, Thomas Ornelas, is dead, killed by another trooper who was with Hofacker at the time.
The shooter was awaiting trial for an attempted murder charge, having been released from custody on a $75,000 bond. The incident is yet another example of how important pretrial release and detention decisions are, and how little the setting of money bond does to protect us from harm.
The attack on Trooper Hofacker occurred only hours before Sheriff Stan Hilkey of Mesa County, Colorado, announced he will be taking the position of Executive Director of the Colorado Department of Public Safety. As Sheriff, Hilkey has been a champion of pretrial reform in his county and state (and across the nation), and he understands that the tools exist to do better.
Read the blog post by Pretrial Reform Institute.
White House Honors “Top Cops”
“When the moment came—when the shooting started, or a bomb went off, or a hostage was taken, or a child screamed for help—they did not hesitate. They went into action. They ran toward the danger—not away from it. And they risked their lives to save the lives of others.”
With these words, President Obama and Vice President Biden welcomed the United States’ “TOP COPS” —some of the country’s best law enforcement officials – to the White House to honor their remarkable service and sacrifice. The TOP COPS are chosen each year by the National Association of Police Organizations (NAPO), after being nominated by their fellow officers for their notable service during the previous calendar year.
Watch a video of the event.
Read the president’s and vice president’s remarks.
See the list of 2014’s TOP COPS.
Debating the Effectiveness of Domestic Violence Screening
Domestic violence affects a third of women worldwide, according to the World Health Organization. In many cases, nobody knows of the suffering, and victims aren’t able to get help in time.
In many countries, including the United States, there has been a push to make screening for domestic violence a routine part of doctor visits. Last year, the influential U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommended that clinicians ask all women of childbearing age whether they’re being abused.
But an analysis published Monday in BMJ, formerly the British Medical Journal, suggests such generalized screenings may not be helping much. Screening questions might help doctors identify more patients who were suffering from abuse, but that didn’t necessarily help those women get the follow-up support they needed, researchers found.
Read the full study.
Penn State Hosts “First Responders’ Day” – PSU vs. Akron, September 6, 2014
Penn State University is honoring our public safety personnel by holding a “First Responders’ Day” during the 2014 football season. Emergency personnel will be able to obtain reduced tickets for the Penn State – Akron game in State College, Pennsylvania, on September 6, 2014. More details will be released as plans are finalized.
View the Save the Date.
Pre-Trial Training Offered in California, May 22, 2014
No-Cost Workshop and Webcast on Mobile Forensics, June 18, 2014
On June 18, NIST will host the NIST Mobile Forensics Workshop and Webcast, a free one-day workshop and live webcast exploring the latest technology advancements and applications in mobile device forensics.
The workshop and webcast are intended to educate attendees on the latest developments in the forensic analysis of mobile devices and how technologies are used in casework. The information provided will increase the situational awareness of investigators and criminal justice stakeholders across the United States about the latest trends, analysis protocols, and issues encountered when applying analysis tools to mobile devices.
Learn more or register.
ATF’s National Firearms Examiner Academy – Now Accepting Applications
The Academy provides training for entry-level firearm and toolmark examiners from federal, state, and local law enforcement agencies. The Academy curriculum is composed of the fundamentals of firearms and toolmark examination and serves as a basis for the trainee, under supervision, to develop into a qualified firearm and toolmark examiner.
Eligible applicants include entry-level firearm and toolmark examiners from federal, state, and local law enforcement agencies. Trainees also must be assigned to an established firearms section within the state and local agency laboratory.
FBI Preliminary Statistics 2013 Line-of-Duty Deaths
Preliminary statistics released today by the FBI show that 27 law enforcement officers were feloniously killed in the line of duty in 2013, a decrease of more than 44 percent when compared to the 49 officers killed in 2012. By region, 15 officers died as a result of criminal acts that occurred in the South, 6 officers in the West, 4 officers in the Midwest, and 2 in the Northeast.
An additional 49 officers were non-feloniously killed in the line of duty in 2013. This total represents one officer more than the 48 non-felonious line-of-duty deaths in 2012. By region, 31 officers died due to non-felonious incidents in the South, 9 in the West, 5 in the Northeast, and 4 in the Midwest.
Final statistics and complete details will be available in the Uniform Crime Reporting Program’s publication Law Enforcement Officers Killed and Assaulted, 2013, which will be published on the FBI’s website in the fall.
CRS to Meet Need for Transgender Law Enforcement Training
After decades of fractious relationships between police officers and transgender women, the tide is beginning to turn in favor of training officers to become more sensitive and respectful of gender identities.
The most recent evidence comes from the Department of Justice (DOJ). In late March, the DOJ announced that transgender law enforcement training would be available to police departments across the United States under the auspices of the Community Relations Service (CRS).
After the announcement, a first training session was held at the DOJ’s Washington, DC, headquarters. Other sessions will be conducted at 10 CRS regional offices and 4 smaller field offices across the United States. Volunteers from local advocacy groups will join regional DOJ staff in the sessions.
Learn more about the challenges of policing and the transgender community and changes made by major U.S. cities.
Read remarks by the deputy attorney general.
Crime Data – Public or Private?
As Americans demand more information on criminal activity from the government, police departments are flocking to private companies to help them get the information into the public domain.
In February, the Minneapolis Police Department (MPD) announced it was moving into a new era of transparency and openness with the launch of a new public crime map. MPD feeds incident report data to RAIDS (Regional Analysis and Information Data Sharing) Online, a nationwide crime map operated by a private software company.
For many U.S. cities, hooking up with these third-party mapping vendors is the most public their police department has ever been. But the trend has started a messy debate about how “public” the public data actually are.
Inside the IACP
IACP Launches No-Cost Juvenile Interview and Interrogation Online Training Series
IACP and August Vollmer Excellence in Forensic Science Award – Deadline Approaching
Second Anniversary of PREA Standards
In support of the 2003 Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA), the Department of Justice (DOJ) has released a final rule in August 2012, to prevent, detect, and respond to sexual abuse in confinement. This final rule established national standards for four categories of facilities: adult prisons and jails, community confinement facilities, juvenile facilities, and lockups.
In partnership with the National PREA Resource Center, which is operated by the National Council on Crime and Delinquency (NCCD) under a cooperative agreement with the Bureau of Justice Assistance, and the Center for Innovative Public Policies (CIPP), the IACP is striving to provide information and resources to state and local law enforcement to help them better understand the PREA standards and how to reach voluntary compliance with those standards.
Find more information and resources here.
President Yost Zakhary Testifies in Support of the Bulletproof Vest Partnership Grant Program