Offender Reentry Report
Offender reentry has never posed more serious challenges to law enforcement. Every year 650,000 individuals are released from prisons to reenter their communities, and nearly two-thirds will be rearrested for a felony or serious misdemeanor within three years of their release. Communities are clearly struggling to accomplish the difficult work of assisting former offenders in their transition from prison to productive life while protecting the public from those who will reoffend.
To help craft an appropriate law enforcement agenda for offender reentry initiatives, the IACP and the Department of Justice Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS) organized the 2006 national policy summit, called Offender Reentry: Exploring the Leadership Opportunity for Law Enforcement Executives and Their Agencies, to consider the role law enforcement executives and their agencies should assume in offender reentry efforts. Bringing together more than 100 law enforcement executives, corrections officers, criminal justice experts, and community leaders, the summit asked these experts to develop recommendations that would guide law enforcement executives and their agencies in their work to transition offenders from prison to productive life.
Summit participants rose to the challenge, drafting 50 recommendations to help police leaders determine how they can drive down recidivism rate by supporting offender reentry initiatives.
A copy of the final summit report, Offender Re-Entry: Exploring the Leadership Opportunity for Law Enforcement Executives and Their Agencies, is available at no cost on the IACP Web site at www.theiacp.org
For more information, call the IACP Research Center at 800-THE-IACP, extension 392.
Introducing IACP’s Perspectives Series
In response to a growing need to inform and support local policy development, the IACP has created the Perspectives Series to fill gaps in available research on selected law enforcement policy topics. In particular, the Perspectives Series will provide useful information on recurring or emerging law enforcement policy areas where there is an absence of long-term and reliable research to answer critical questions.
The IACP Perspectives Series is intended to help local agency decision making by providing useful information gathered from our network of information sources. Perspectives do not present IACP positions on the topic being addressed, nor do they replace long-term research. The aim of perspectives is to help raise thoughtful issues regarding complex policy considerations and inform the debate at the local level.
The perspectives below address longstanding issues of concern to police:
- Officer-to-Population Ratios: How should agencies use national aggregate officer-to-population ratios as they determine their own local staffing requirements?
- Take-Home Cruiser Programs: What are the relative benefits and possible drawbacks to officers, agencies, and the communities they serve when considering the creation of a take home program?
- Use of 10-Codes vs. Use of Plain Language in Radio Communications.
The Perspective Series is available at no cost on the IACP Web site, www.theiacp.org.
For more information, call the IACP Research Center at 800-THE-IACP, extension 392.
2007 Guidelines for Homeland Security Exercise and Evaluation
The U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS) has released the 2007 edition of the Homeland Security Exercise and Evaluation Program (HSEEP) Policy and Guidance Volumes I–III. HSEEP is a capabilities- and performance-based exercise program that provides a standardized policy, methodology, and terminology for the design, development, conduct, and evaluation of all exercises.
The HSEEP volumes were initially developed in 2002; however, to increase the applicability and use of HSEEP among diverse entities, several revisions were made to the volumes over the past two years:
- Incorporation of recent policies (National Incident Management System, National Response Plan, National Preparedness Goal, Universal Task List, Target Capabilities List)
- Elimination of references to DHS-specific doctrinal or grant-related requirements, such as the need for terrorism-related scenarios
- Reversal of the order of volumes II and III to follow the natural progression of exercise design, development, conduct, evaluation, and improvement planning.
As modifications were made to the volumes, the drafts were posted on the HSEEP public Web site for review and comment. The draft volumes were also circulated throughout the federal government. Feedback was received from representatives at all levels of government. The comments were reconciled and incorporated in order for the volumes to be more applicable to all exercises, regardless of scope, scale, scenario, or sponsoring agency.
The deputy secretaries across the federal government were briefed on the HSEEP volumes on January 26, 2007, and they approved and endorsed the HSEEP methodology.
The revised volumes articulate the HSEEP methodology. HSEEP Volume I: HSEEP Overview and Exercise Program Management provides guidance for building and maintaining an effective exercise program and summarizes the planning and evaluation process described in further detail in later volumes.
HSEEP Volume II: Exercise Planning and Conduct helps planners outline a standardized foundation, design, development, and conduct process adaptable to any type of exercise.
HSEEP Volume III: Exercise Evaluation and Improvement Planning offers proven methodology, to include Exercise Evaluation Guides (EEGs), for evaluating and documenting exercises and implementing an improvement plan through a corrective action program.
The volumes can be found on the HSEEP Web site at http://hseep.dhs.gov and on the Lessons Learned Information Sharing (LLIS.gov) system. LLIS.gov has created a new HSEEP resource page that provides frequently updated HSEEP information as well as new exercise-related original content. This page also contains links to additional HSEEP-related LLIS.gov pages, such as the exercise planning and program management page and the corrective action program system page.
Standard on Disaster and Emergency Management and Business Continuity Programs
The 2007 edition of the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) Standard on Disaster/Emergency Management and Business Continuity Programs is available for download at no charge at NFPA’s Web site, www.nfpa.org.
The standard establishes common criteria that set a foundation for disaster management, emergency management, and business continuity programs using a total-program approach. Organizations and parties responsible for developing such programs will benefit from information on emergency management, prevention, mitigation, preparedness, response, recovery, and business continuity.
“Whether they are initiated by nature or human caused, disasters and emergencies wreak havoc,” said James M. Shannon, president and CEO of NFPA. “As organizations plan for unpredictable situations that may arise, NFPA 1600 has become the gold standard to help organizations develop an inclusive plan—a plan that will prove essential in achieving the most successful outcome possible when disaster strikes.” NFPA 1600’s latest edition incorporates changes to the 2004 edition and expands the conceptual framework of the earlier version. Aspects of mitigation, preparedness, response, and recovery, which are focused on in earlier versions, have been updated, and prevention has been added as a fifth and distinct concept.
In 1991 NFPA’s Standards Council established the Disaster Management Committee to develop a preparedness standard that identified key components of a comprehensive plan that could be used by a variety of organizations. The plan was intended to address preparations for, responses to, and recovery from disasters resulting from natural, human, or technological events. This was the beginning of NFPA 1600.
Used by and developed for organizations in both the public and private sectors, NFPA 1600 is one of NFPA’s most widely implemented standards. More than 115,000 copies have been downloaded from NFPA’s Web site since 2004.
For more information on NFPA 1600, visit NFPA’s Web site at www.nfpa.org. Printed copies can be ordered through the online catalog and will be available April 2007.
2007 National Night Out
The National Association of Town Watch (NATW) has announced that the 24th Annual National Night Out (NNO) program will culminate on Tuesday, August 7, 2007.
Any municipality, law enforcement agency, crime prevention organization, community group, or neighborhood association that was not officially registered with NATW for Night Out 2006 is invited to contact NATW now to receive information on National Night Out 2007.
There is no cost to register or participate. Once registered with NATW, local coordinators receive an organizational kit full of how-to materials—including planning suggestions, sample news releases, artwork, and promotional guides—and interim updates throughout the year.
NNO 2006 involved 35.2 million people in 11,125 communities from all 50 U.S. states, U.S. territories, Canadian cities, and military bases worldwide. National Night Out 2007 is expected to be the largest ever. NNO is sponsored by NATW in partnership with Target and the U.S. Department of Justice Bureau of Justice Assistance.
National Night Out, a yearlong community building campaign, is designed to (1) heighten crime prevention awareness; (2) generate support for, and participation in, local anticrime programs; (3) strengthen neighborhood spirit and police-community partnerships; and (4) send a message to criminals letting them know that neighborhoods are organized and fighting back.
Along with the traditional outside lights and front porch vigils, most cities and towns now celebrate National Night Out with a variety of special citywide and neighborhood events such as block parties, cookouts, parades, festivals, visits from local law enforcement, safety fairs, and youth events.
Organizing in most communities begins early in the year. For free registration material, call 1-800-NITE OUT or visit the National Night Out Web site at www.nationalnightout.org.
National Center for Victims of Crime National Conference
Sponsored by the Office for Victims of Crime in the U.S. Department of Justice Office of Justice Programs, the National Center for Victims of Crime is holding the 2007 national conference in Washington, D.C, June 18–20, 2007. The theme for the conference is advancing practice, policy, and research. Highlights include the following:
- Eighty cutting-edge workshops in 17 tracks
- Four plenary sessions
- Roundtable lunch discussions
- Twenty poster presentations
- Networking opportunities
The conference emphasizes a multidisciplinary approach in educational tracks that share promising practices, current research, and effective policy to ensure rights, protections, and services for all crime victims. The training program features more than 120 leading experts in 80 skill-building workshops, plenary sessions, and information packed exhibits.
For more information, visit the National Center for Victims of Crime Web site at www.ncvc.org.
Guide to Secure Sensitive Information Systems
The Department of Justice Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS) released a new guide intended to help law enforcement executives and information technology (IT) managers develop and implement security policies to protect sensitive police data such as case reports, investigative data, criminal intelligence, and personal information. The Law Enforcement Tech Guide for Information Technology Security: How to Assess Risk and Establish Effective Policies details strategies for identifying security risks and effective measures to mitigate those risks.
The publication guides readers through specific steps that can lead to the development of an effective IT security policy, including how to organize a security policy development team, conducting a security self-assessment, conducting a security risk-assessment, developing a risk mitigation strategy, and measuring security controls currently in place. The Law Enforcement Tech Guide for Information Technology Security is a practical how-to guidebook that encourages law enforcement managers to treat IT security as an ongoing responsibility rather than a onetime or periodic undertaking.
“Law enforcement agencies rely on all types of sensitive data in the performance of their duties as protectors of the public,” said COPS Office Director Carl R. Peed. “It is critical that this information is strategically and systematically secured from tampering and getting into the wrong hands.”
The Law Enforcement Tech Guide for Information Technology Security can be downloaded from COPS Web site at www.cops.usdoj.gov., or orders can be placed for a future printing of the publication by contacting COPS Response Center at 800-421-6770.
NGA’s Homeland Security Guide
The National Governors Association Center for Best Practices (NGA Center) has released A Governor’s Guide to Homeland Security to provide governors with an overview of their homeland security roles and responsibilities.
A Governor’s Guide to Homeland Security contains practical advice for governors on how to organize their states to prepare for and respond to hazards of all kinds effectively. It shares information and guidance on how to approach issues such as mutual aid, information sharing, obtaining assistance from the military, and protecting critical infrastructure. Last published in 2002, the new guide includes a significant amount of new and updated info “As the chief executives of our states, governors are responsible for the safety and security of our citizens and ensuring our states are adequately prepared for emergencies and disasters of all types and sizes—from widespread power outages and hazardous materials spills to catastrophes on the scale of the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks and Hurricane Katrina,” Governor Ruth Ann Minner of Delaware said. “This guide focuses on areas governors must immediately be aware of, as well as the resources they are most likely to rely on during the initial response to an incident.”
The content of the guide is based on the experiences of governors who have managed during crises and draws on lessons learned by states. Among its highlights, the guide emphasizes that emergency preparedness and homeland security must be a priority of all governors; recommends that governors set priorities and develop the structures and systems required to support those priorities; and stresses the need for cooperation among the state and local officials—within and among states—who will be expected to play a role in emergency response.
The guide outlines a variety of issues for governors, including interoperability, intelligence and information sharing, and protecting the state’s critical infrastructure; points out the challenges along the way; and provides examples of how states have successfully navigated each obstacle.
The 84 page guide is available free at www.nga.org. ■