IACP Recommendations to Improve Intelligence-Sharing Capabilities
The IACP report National Summit on Intelligence: Gathering, Sharing, Analysis, and Use after 9-11 finds that in the years since the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, U.S. local, state, and tribal law enforcement agencies have made great strides in their ability to share intelligence, a critical factor in the continuing effort to prevent further terrorist attacks. However, the full benefits of intelligence sharing have not yet been realized because the process itself remains a mystery to many police officers, and some law enforcement executives consider their agencies too small or too remote to participate in criminal intelligence sharing. These obstacles to full participation could result in alarming gaps in the intelligence that guides U.S. homeland security and crime-fighting efforts.
“Ensuring that police officers have access to the right information and intelligence is absolutely critical to our efforts to protect our communities from crime and terrorism,” said Ronald Ruecker, director of public safety for Sherwood, Oregon, and immediate past president of the IACP. “Unfortunately, many of the nation’s law enforcement agencies do not participate in the criminal intelligence sharing plan because they underestimate their importance to the criminal intelligence sharing process, overestimate the burdens of full participation, or are unaware of ways to contribute to the vital work of the plan. The IACP summit report presents a set of comprehensive and feasible recommendations to engage all law enforcement agencies in intelligence sharing, which helps make our communities safer.”
The National Summit on Intelligence report is a result of the IACP’s Intelligence Summit in Washington, D.C., held in the fall of 2007. The goal of the summit, cosponsored by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security (DHS); the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ), Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS); and the Office of the Program Manager for the Information Sharing Environment (PM-ISE), was to evaluate both the progress made by law enforcement agencies in the realm of criminal intelligence sharing since the first Intelligence Summit, held in 2002, and the work remaining to be completed.
“In the five years since the first summit, great strides have been made on both the local and federal levels, as witnessed here by the partnership between DOJ, DHS, and PM-ISE to make this summit a reality along with the IACP,” said COPS director Carl Peed. “We couldn’t have done this without our state, local, and tribal partners, who provided candid comments on where the gaps are and how they can be improved to enhance an information sharing environment.”
“The Department of Homeland Security looks forward to every opportunity to work with our state and local partners to share information more efficiently in order to keep our homeland safe,” said Charlie Allen, DHS undersecretary for intelligence and analysis. “Together we are building an information sharing environment that can deliver timely, credible, and actionable information and intelligence about individuals and organizations that are a threat to the United States.”
“Our nation’s ability to prevent terrorist attacks depends on our ability to gather, analyze, and share information regarding those who would attack us,” said Ambassador Thomas McNamara, program manager for the Information Sharing Environment. “Those responsible for protecting our communities from terrorism must have up-to-date information regarding the tactics, the targets, and, if possible, the times and places of potential attacks. In the post–9/11 world, state, local and tribal authorities are full partners in information sharing that protects the nation. There should be no doubt that our nation is better organized and prepared to deter terrorist threats than in 2001. But there remains more to be done, and we should not believe that the progress achieved to date assures long-term improvement.”
This summit report, for the first time, takes the diverse and often confusing or conflicting array of literature on fusion centers and intelligence-led policing and presents a comprehensive and straightforward picture of intelligence sharinghelping local agencies to understand fully the issue of intelligence and their critical role in collecting and sharing it. Summit attendees, including law enforcement executives from around the United States, made eight recommendations aimed at increasing use of intelligence sharing. These recommendations include developing and maintaining a criminal intelligence capability, developing a nationwide marketing and training initiative designed to convince every law enforcement agency to participate in criminal intelligence sharing, and exploring potential partnerships to enhance analytical capacity within agencies.
A copy of the summit report is available by contacting Eleni Trahilis at 1-800-THE-IACP, extension 392, or via e-mail at email@example.com. The report is also available online at www.theiacp.org.
Assisting Military Veterans Returning to Policing
The COPS office has released a new publication supporting the efforts of law enforcement commanders, police psychologists, unions, and others responsible for reintegrating returning combat veterans into the law enforcement community. Combat Deployment and the Returning Police Officer reviews the psychological effects of combat and the methods used by the Los Angeles Police and Sheriff’s Departments; the Kansas City, Missouri, Police Department; and the Richland County, South Carolina, Sheriff’s Department to support the successful transition of officers who were deployed as members of the military reserves or the National Guard.
The U.S. Department of Defense estimates that 100,000 members of National Guard and reserve units were on active duty in any given month in 2006, with some serving in Iraq or Afghanistan for multiple deployments. Moreover, an IACP report found that public safety professionals constitute 10 percent of those deployed to Iraq by the National Guard and the reserves.
“Law enforcement officers from departments all across the country were deployed to serve in the war as members of the reserves and National Guard, and when they return to their jobs as police officers we should honor them by supporting their transition,” said Director Peed of the COPS Office. “Whether these military veterans are returning to law enforcement or are new police recruits, departments should put processes in place to make their transition easier.”
Combat Deployment and the Returning Police Officer is available free of charge and can be ordered by contacting the COPS Office Response Center at 1-800-421-6770. The publication can also be viewed online and/or downloaded by visiting www.cops.usdoj.gov.
For more information about the IACP’s Combat Veterans Returning to Careers in Law Enforcement Project, readers can contact Arnold Daxe at 1-800-THE-IACP, extension 817, or via e-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org. In this project, the IACP has joined forces with the U.S. Bureau of Justice Assistance and Klein Associates to learn more about the needs of returning veterans.
New IACP Juvenile Justice Resources
The IACP Juvenile Justice Training and Technical Assistance Project presents a new promising practice brief titled “Partnering to Ensure School Safety.”
Promising practice briefs are articles that provide information and examples of programs and practices successfully implemented to address pertinent juvenile justice issues. This brief describes two programs that focus on primary and secondary law enforcement–school partnerships. The brief is available for viewing and/or downloading at http://www.iacp.org/Training/ojjdp_ttap.html. Printed copies can be requested by calling 1-800-843-4227, extension 831, or e-mailing email@example.com.
Through the Juvenile Justice Training and Technical Assistance Project, the IACP provides training to law enforcement and allied stakeholders on pertinent juvenile justice issues. Over the past eight years, the IACP has developed and conducted training designed to address the particular substantive needs and issues of the host agencies. The Serious Habitual Offender Comprehensive Action Program (SHOCAP) is a comprehensive curriculum that can be used to bring together law enforcement, school, juvenile corrections, and community partners to utilize all available resources to enable youths to become productive citizens. This curriculum can be viewed or downloaded from the Juvenile Justice Web site at the address listed earlier. The curriculum includes a facilitator’s guide with background information and guidance for trainers; PowerPoint slides that can be used to facilitate training; and a participant manual, which contains training materials and resources. For more information, readers can contact Stevyn Fogg at 1-800-THE-IACP, extension 842, or via e-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org.
INTERPOL Elects 2008–2012 President
The 77th INTERPOL General Assembly closed with delegates electing Singapore Police Commissioner Khoo Boon Hui to be the new president.
Accepting the four-year presidency, Commissioner Khoo said he looked forward to serving all 187 member countries. “INTERPOL plays a critical role in international police co-operation by equipping police forces around the world with the necessary infrastructure, training and operational support to combat transnational crime and terrorism,” Khoo said. “As president I will build on the progress we have made thus far and ensure INTERPOL can better meet the demands of international policing in the 21st century.” Also during the conference, the state of Vatican City was admitted to the organization.
In a significant development, INTERPOL launched its Global Security Initiative (GSI) when delegates adopted it as the organization’s platform for 21st-century global policing. In calling on governments and the private sector alike to endow the GSI fund with a billion euros, Secretary General Ronald K. Noble said, “[The initiative] will shape dialogue on how best to address regional and global security challenges by breaking down traditional barriers that have prevented meaningful and sustained partnerships between governments, international organizations, and the private sector.”
More than 700 senior law enforcement representatives from around the world backed numerous resolutions at the conference, including the creation of an INTERPOL Computer Forensic Analysis Unit. Services provided for member countries by this unit will include training; impartial and independent assistance in computer forensics examination on missions; and the development of international standards for the search, seizure, and investigation of electronic evidence. Another resolution called on member countries to encourage and empower the organization’s 187 National Central Bureaus (NCBs) to increase their use of public “Yellow Notice” alerts for missing adults and of “Red Notice” alerts for fugitives and prison escapees, to maximize public assistance for investigations. ■