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February 2010

Leading by Legacy: Leadership and Management Training for Rural Law Enforcement

The International Association of Chiefs of Police (IACP), with support from the Bureau of Justice Assistance, U.S. Department of Justice, recently introduced the Leading by Legacy Program: Leadership and Management Training for First Line Supervisors, Command Staff, and Executives from Rural Law Enforcement Agencies. IACP created the program to meet the unique challenges and needs of rural law enforcement as the agencies strive to provide quality services to the communities. For the past 10 years, the IACP Smaller Police Department Technical Assistance Program has provided training, education, and support to law enforcement agencies serving a population of 50,000 or fewer. Over the course of this time, IACP staff gained an intimate understanding of the resource limitations smaller agencies face, especially during an economic downturn. These limitations can require officers to assume multiple responsibilities for which they may feel ill equipped. Often, the chief executive feels this strain most acutely, which can lead to frequent changes in leadership and a lack of stability within the department.

The Leading by Legacy Program will develop leadership and management training for executives, command staff, and first line supervisors with these challenges in mind. Building future leaders is an essential part of developing stable law enforcement agencies. The goal of the program is to establish a baseline level of leadership and management skills within smaller agencies to promote stability and increase capacity to focus on crime reduction. While the IACP brings significant experience in working with smaller law enforcement agencies, the Leading by Legacy team is dedicated to gathering information on the specific training requests of rural officers in the field. Over the course of two months, the team conducted three focus groups in Fort Worth, Texas; Memphis, Tennessee; and Albuquerque, New Mexico, that involved police chiefs, command staff, and first line supervisors in a conversation around the training needs of their particular departments. Proposed training topics that resulted from the focus group meetings include:

  • Personnel management

  • Corrective discipline

  • Strategic planning

  • Organizational design strategy

In addition to on-site trainings and technical assistance, the Leading by Legacy Program will offer distance-learning opportunities in the form of webinars and CD-ROMs to make resources more accessible for remote departments. The program will deliver a pilot training during the summer of 2010 and will soon begin accepting applications for participants. Information and materials for Leading by Legacy can be found on the following Web page: . Individuals interested in learning more about the Leading by Legacy Program can contact Ben Ekelund, Training Coordinator at 1-800-THE-IACP extension 838 or by e-mail at

Razing Expectations: Erecting a Strategic Vision for Fusion Centers

Razing Expectations is a product of the IACP Homeland Security Committee, outlining that fusion centers do the following:

  • Act as principal intelligence enterprise nodes to network state and local law enforcement, homeland security, and public safety entities to each other and the federal government

  • Harness and apply the collective knowledge of their constituents to address issues related to threat and risk

  • Assume the leading role in informationsharing initiatives related to law enforcement, homeland security, and public safety issues

Razing Expectations makes the recommendation to fusion centers to revisit their business models to ensure that they are aligned in a manner that will embrace collaboration and information sharing to meet the demands of both the present and future.

To review the publication, visit the IACP Web site at

IACP Policy Symposium on LPR and Video Technology

The IACP Technology Center is hosting a symposium on two of the fastest growing technologies in law enforcement: video surveillance and license plate reader (LPR) technology. The interactive forum will feature panel discussions and presentations from practitioners and policy makers. It will focus on the important policy and community concerns that are critical to effective implementation of these valuable public safety tools. Topics will include storage and management of video and data, public policy and the protection of privacy, and updates on the latest public safety technologies.

The IACP symposium will take place on Tuesday, March 23, 2010, at the Sands Expo and Convention Center in Las Vegas, Nevada. Participants will receive complimentary exhibit hall passes to the International Security Conference and Expo (ISC West), opening March 24. For more information and registration details, visit or contact

2009 Law Enforcement Deaths

More than 30 percent of the 2009 fatal law enforcement shootings—15 in all—occurred in just five incidents in which more than one officer was gunned down by a single assailant. These multiple-fatality shootings took place in Lakewood, Washington (four officers); Oakland, California (four officers); Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (three officers); Okaloosa County, Florida (two officers); and Seminole County, Oklahoma (two officers). The 15 officers killed in these multipledeath shootings were the most of any year since 1981, according to the National Law Enforcement Officers Memorial Fund (NLEOMF).

Overall, fewer U.S. law enforcement officers died in the line of duty in 2009 than in any year in the past half century—an encouraging trend tempered by a disturbing increase in the number of officers who were killed by gunfire, many of them in brutal, ambush-style attacks.

As of December 28, 125 law enforcement officers had died in the line of duty from all causes, a 7 percent reduction from the 133 fatalities in 2008, according to preliminary data compiled by the NLEOMF. The last time officer fatalities were this low was in 1959, when there were 108 line-ofduty deaths.

The overall reduction in law enforcement deaths was driven largely by a steep, 21 percent drop in the number of officers killed in traffic-related incidents. Unfortunately, that achievement was overshadowed by a surge in the number of officers killed by gunfire. According to NLEOMF, 48 officers were shot and killed in 2009, compared to 39 in 2008, which represents a 23 percent increase.

Fifty-six officers were killed in traffic-related incidents in 2009, compared to 71 in 2008. Of the 56 traffic-related fatalities in 2009, 40 died in automobile crashes, 12 were struck and killed by automobiles while outside of their own vehicles, and four died in motorcycle crashes. Even with the decline, however, traffic-related incidents were still the leading cause of officer fatalities for the 12th year in a row.

The average age of the officers killed in 2009 was 39; the average length of their law enforcement service was 10.5 years.

The preliminary 2009 law enforcement fatality data were released by the NLEOMF in conjunction with Concerns of Police Survivors. The report, “Law Enforcement Officer Deaths: Preliminary 2009,” is available at

National Center for Disaster Fraud to Coordinate Haitian Fraud Complaints

On January 12, 2010, a 7.0 earthquake occurred in Haiti destroying homes and public buildings. Since the first earthquake, the news media has reported 55 sizable aftershocks, adding to the fear and destruction. The Communications Minister for Haiti reports that as of January 24, the government has buried 150,000 quake victims.

Many people are trying their best to help the people of Haiti. Unfortunately, with this well-meaning help comes fraud.

The National Center for Disaster Fraud (NCDF) is operational and issued warnings about current frauds.

The National Center for Disaster Fraud was originally established by the U.S. Department of Justice to investigate, prosecute, and deter fraud in the wake of Hurricane Katrina. Its mission has expanded to include suspected fraud from any natural or human-made disaster. More than 20 federal agencies participate in the NCDF, allowing it to act as a centralized clearinghouse of information related to Haitian relief fraud.

Local police executives are encouraged to remind the public to apply a critical eye and do their due diligence before giving contributions to anyone soliciting donations on behalf of Haitian victims. Solicitations can originate from e-mails, Web sites, door-todoor collections, mailings, telephone calls, and similar methods.

When communicating with local citizens about donations, remind them about the NCDF guidelines before making a donation:

  • Do not respond to any unsolicited (spam) incoming e-mails, including clicking links contained within those messages.

  • Be skeptical of individuals representing themselves as surviving victims or officials asking for donations via e-mail or social networking sites.

  • Beware of organizations with copy-cat names similar to, but not exactly the same as, those of reputable charities.

  • Rather than following a purported link to a Web site, verify the legitimacy of nonprofit organizations by utilizing various Internet-based resources that may assist in confirming the group’s existence and its non-profit status.

  • Be cautious of e-mails that claim to show pictures of the disaster areas in attached files, because the files may contain viruses. Only open attachments from known senders.

  • To ensure contributions are received and used for intended purposes, make contributions directly to known organizations rather than relying on others to make the donation on your behalf.

  • Do not be pressured into contributing, as reputable charities do not use such tactics.

  • Do not give your personal or financial information to anyone who solicits contributions. Providing such information may compromise your identity and make you vulnerable to identity theft.

  • Avoid cash donations if possible. Pay by debit or credit card or write a check directly to the charity. Do not make checks payable to individuals.

The National Center for Disaster Fraud can be reach by phone 866-720-5721, fax 225-334-4707, and e-mail In addition, suspicious e-mail solicitations or fraudulent Web sites can be reported to the FBI’s Internet Crime Complaint Center at

Meth Labs

The Kentucky State Police (KSP) released its 2009 methamphetamine lab statistics and report that there were 716 meth labs in Kentucky last year, which is an all-time high for the state, increasing sixty percent over the 2008 totals.

Methamphetamine is not just a problem in Kentucky. Occurrences of meth labs have been on the rise across the country and states are scrambling to find solutions. According to the El Paso Intelligence Center, Kentucky ranks third nationally for the number of meth labs discovered in 2009. Missouri ranks first with 1,537 labs, followed by Indiana with 1,096.

Contributing to meth’s popularity is the relatively easy cooking process, the highly addictive nature of the drug, and the ease of obtaining pseudoephedrine. With a small investment consisting of supplies bought from neighborhood stores, dealers can easily cook up hundreds of dollars worth of a drug so addictive, that users quickly descend into an abyss of violence and crime to get their next high.

The development of a quicker, more efficient method for producing meth, called the “one-pot” or “shake-and-bake” method may be partially blamed for this spike. This method leads to a great deal of pressure inside the container and can easily cause an explosion. The mixture of toxic ingredients in this process results in a chemical reaction, which changes the pseudoephedrine into methamphetamine.

Trend analysis in Kentucky and other states show that meth labs are moving into urban areas because of the ease of the one-step method. In 2009, 240 Kentucky meth labs were found in structures that are classified as multifamily dwellings, which include apartment complexes, hotels, and motels. Seventy-four meth labs were found in vehicles, and over 148 labs were found in locations within 1,000 yards of a school. The trend is smaller labs within city limits are escalating while a reduced number of rural labs are increasing their output.

The total cost to KSP last year to remove the 716 reported meth labs totaled $1,373,825. These costs include the discovery of labs, certified lab responder salaries, removal and transportation of waste from the scene, and hazardous waste disposal fees. This does not include costs to social service organizations, remediation, incarceration, or medical expenses incurred.

For more information, contact Sherry H. Bray, Office of Public Affairs, Kentucky State Police Headquarters, by phone at 502-695-6353. ■



From The Police Chief, vol. LXXVII, no. 2, February 2010. Copyright held by the International Association of Chiefs of Police, 515 North Washington Street, Alexandria, VA 22314 USA.

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